National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) supports fundamental research and education in the non-medical fields of science and engineering. It issues competitive, limited-term grants in response to specific proposals from the research community.
The NSF funds both solicited and non-solicited proposals. Proposal reviews are carried out by panels of expert, independent scientists, engineers and educators.
NSF awards typically go to individuals or small groups of investigators who conduct research at their home institutions. Other grants fund mid-scale research centers, instruments and facilities that serve researchers from many institutions while others support national-scale facilities that are shared by the research community as a whole.
NSF grants also support science, engineering and mathematics education from pre-K through graduate school.
NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS
The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) was established by Congress as an independent agency of the federal government.
To date, the NEA has awarded more than $4 billion to support artistic excellence, creativity, and innovation for the benefit of individuals and communities.
The NEA extends its work through partnerships with state arts agencies, local leaders, other federal agencies, and the philanthropic sector. In most areas, funding is limited to organizations. (Direct awards to individuals are made only through Literature Fellowships, NEA Jazz Masters Fellowships, NEA Opera Honors, and NEA National Heritage Fellowships in the Folk & Traditional Arts.)
NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES
The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is an independent grant-making agency dedicated to supporting research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities. The NEH provides grants for high-quality humanities projects to cultural institutions such as museums, archives, libraries, colleges, universities, public television, and radio stations, and to individual scholars.
The agency is also a base supporter of a network of private, nonprofit affiliates, the 56 humanities councils in the United States. These grants are given in order to strengthen teaching and learning in the humanities in schools and colleges across the nation, facilitate research and original scholarship, provide opportunities for lifelong learning, preserve and provide access to cultural and educational resources and to strengthen the institutional base of the humanities.
NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH
The mission of the National Institutes of Health is to seek fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life, and reduce the burdens of illness and disability.
The goals of the agency are to foster fundamental creative discoveries, innovative research strategies, and their applications as a basis for ultimately protecting and improving health; to develop, maintain, and renew scientific human and physical resources that will ensure the Nation’s capability to prevent disease; to expand the knowledge base in medical and associated sciences in order to enhance the Nation's economic well-being and ensure a continued high return on the public investment in research; and to exemplify and promote the highest level of scientific integrity, public accountability, and social responsibility in the conduct of science.
In realizing these goals, the NIH provides leadership and direction to programs designed to improve the health of the Nation by conducting and supporting research.
HEALTH RESOURCES AND SERVICES ADMINISTRATION
The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) is the lead Federal agency in promoting access to health care services that improve the Nation's health.
With a statutory emphasis on special needs, under-served, and vulnerable populations, HRSA mobilizes its bureaus, programs, staff, and partners to assure access to quality health care.
It is the primary federal agency for improving access to health care services for people who are uninsured, isolated or medically vulnerable.
Among the agency’s goals are to improve access to health care, improve health outcomes, improve the quality of health care, eliminate health disparities, improve the public health and health care systems, enhance the ability of the health care system to respond to public health emergencies, and achieve excellence in management practices.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
The primary functions of the U.S. Department of Education (DOE) are to establish policy for, administer and coordinate most federal assistance to education, collect data on U.S. schools, and to enforce federal educational laws regarding privacy and civil rights. The Department of Education does not establish schools or colleges.
The Department's mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access.
There are a variety of funding opportunities through the DOE and its Office of Postsecondary Education, among them being the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE).