Skip to Content

Spring 99 - Fall 99

Spring 1999
Fall 1999

Spring - 1999

Title: The Immediate Effects of a Group Based Horticulture Experience on the Quality of Life of Persons with Chronic Mental Illness
Authors: Perrins, N. M., Rugletic, J., Schepis, N. M., Stepanski, H. R., Walsh, M. A. Abstract: The purpose of this research was to study the impact of horticulture, a purposeful activity, on group participants in a clubhouse facility. Ten members diagnosed with a chronic mental illness participated in this 6-week study. A hermeneutical phenomenological approach was explored to interpret the description of the horticulture experience from the participants' perspective. The results showed that horiculture activities impacted the group, fostered sharing, learning, creativity, sensory stimulation, emotions and memories, which had an immediate and positive effect on participants quality of life. Year: Traditional, Spring 1999

Chair/Reader: G. Fisher, T. Swartwood Keyword: Horticulture, quality of life, phenomenology Publications/Presentation:Presented as: Perrins, N. M., Rugletic, J., Schepis, N. M., Stepanski, H., & Walsh, M. (2000). The Immediate Effects of a Group Based Horticulture Experience on the Quality of Life of Persons with Chronic Mental Illness. AOTA Annual Conference: Seattle.
Title: Survey of Occupational Therapy Interventions for People with Physical Disabilities Authors: Baird, A. M., Honis, D. M., Williams, J. H. Kozikowski, R. A. Abstract: Occupational therapy intervention for individuals with physical disabilities can be classified into four categories based on Pedretti's Occupational Performance Model. These categories are Adjunctive Methods, Enabling Activities, Purposeful Activities and Occupations. This study determined the average percentage of time occupational therapy providers utilize these intervention categories throughout a typical day. The results and procedure used to gather the data will be presented via a poster presentation.

Year: Traditional, Spring 1999

Chair/Reader: G. Fisher, D. Evans

Keyword: Physical disabilities

Title: Self-Concept Issues and Current Interventions used by Occupational Therapists with Persons who have an Acquired Limb Deficiency

Authors: Ewan, M. M., Jamieson, A. A., Kobylarz, A. R., McNichol, M. M., Vitale, K. F.

Abstract: This study identified the predominant interventions used by registered occupational therapists (OTRs) with persons who have an acquired limb deficiency (ALD). OTRs identified the following performance areas and components with the highest priority: (a) dressing, (b) meal preparation, (c) social activities, (d) strength, (e) problem solving and (f) self-concept. Thematic analysis also indicated OTRs use verbal communication as a method of addressing self-concept. Research clarified current occupational therapy (OT) practice as it relates to interventions and self-concept with persons that have an ALD.

Year: Traditional, Spring 1999

Chair/Reader: G. Fisher, D. Anson

Keyword: Self concept, acquired limb deficiency

Title: Success of Level II Fieldwork: The Student's Perspective

Authors: Hughes, K.A., Mangold, S. M., Thuss, S. L., Buckley, S. M., Lennon, J. K.

Abstract: This phenomenological study explored the success of the Level II fieldwork experience employing nominated participants. The theme of interpersonal interaction, the role of the supervisor, a structured educational environment, the presence of other students in the fieldwork setting, the educational background of the informants, and time management were identified through thematic analysis. The results of the study hold several implications for fieldwork supervisors, occupational therapy student preparing for this facet of their educational experience and occupational therapy curricula.

Year: Traditional, Spring 1999

Chair/Reader: G. Fisher, E. McLaughlin

Keyword: Fieldwork, phenomenology

Publications/Presentation:Published as: Hughes, K. A., Mangold, S. M., Thuss, S. L., Buckley, S. M., & Lennon, J. K. (2000). Brief: Success of level II fieldwork: The student's perspective. In P.A. Crist (Ed.) Innovations in Occupational Therapy Education: 2000 (pp. 7-19). Bethesda, MD: American Occupational Therapy Association.

Title: Coping with Death of Patients: A Pilot Study of Occupational Therapists

Authors: Crea, J., Cvrkel, K., Dagle, S., Monaghan, K., Seldomridge, L.

Abstract: This pilot study explored how occupational therapists cope with the death of a patient and if any resources were available to them. Questionnaires and interviews were conducted with practicing occupational therapists. Respondents described formal educational experiences, strategies utilized and resources provided by their facilities to cope. Improvements are needed in education, networking and company resources to help therapists to cope with the death of a patient.

Year: Traditional, Spring 1999

Chair/Reader: J. Cipriani, G. Bartolacci

Keyword: Coping, death

Publications/Presentation:Published as: Cipriani, J., Crea, J., Cvrkel, K., Dagle, S., Monaghan, K., & Seldomridge, L (2000). Coping with the death of clients: A pilot study of occupational therapists. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 17(4), 65-77.

Title: The Effects of Remotivation Therapy on Life Satisfaction and Activity Level of Nursing Home Residents

Authors: Meixsell, J., Feretti, C., Levanoski, R.

Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine whether remotivation therapy, as a form of psychosocial group therapy, increased the activity level and life satisfaction of residents of long term care facilities. The study found no significant increase in either of these variables, although there was an increase in life satisfaction after remotivation therapy. More research needs to be done on the effects of remotivation therapy.

Year: Traditional, Spring 1999

Chair/Reader: J. Cipriani, M. Holm, C. Hischmann

Keyword: Remotivation therapy, geriatrics

Title: Differences in Occupational Therapy Practice Patterns among World Federation of Occupational Therapy Countries

Authors: Fox, M., Giardina, C., Leatherman, H., Woods, M.

Abstract: We surveyed delegate members of the World Federation of Occupational Therapy, and 32 of the 47 countries responded. In the global practice of occupational therapy, stroke survivors and pediatric clients are the most common patient populations. Activities of Daily Living assessments are used most commonly among member nations, and achieving independence in everyday activities was the most common patient goal.

Year: Traditional, Spring 1999

Chair/Reader: M. Holm, J. Cipriani, L. Shah

Keyword: Culture, international OT

Publications/Presentation: Published as: Cipriani, J., Shah, L., Fox, M., Giardina, C., Leatherman, H., & Wood, M. (2003, November). A survey of occupational therapy practice in WFOT Countries. World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, 48, 49-56.

Presented as: Cipriani, J., Shah, L., Fox, M., Giardina, C., Leatherman, H., & Wood, M. A Survey of Occupational Therapy Practice in World Federation of Occupational Therapist (WFOT) Countries. Poster presentation at the 13th World Congress of Occupational Therapists, June 25, 2002, Stockholm, Sweden.

Title: How Do Occupational Therapy Curricula Prepare Students to Address the Issue of Spirituality with Patients?

Authors: Myers, B., Reese, K., Schaeffer, A., Dunlop, S.

Abstract: We surveyed occupational therapy educational program directors to determine if, and to what extent, spirituality is addressed in their occupational therapy curricula. Although not required by the accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education Essentials, more that 60% of the 81 programs responding (out of 106), indicated that client spirituality was addressed in the education of their occupational therapy students.

Year: Traditional, Spring 1999

Chair/Reader: M. Holm, J. Cipriani

Keyword: Spirituality

Title: The Affect of AAC on Functional Activities and Perceived Quality of Life; a Single Case Study

Authors: Hapeman, C., Kizynefski, T., Randazzo, D. Youells, L.

Abstract: A retrospective A-B quantiative case study into the life of a man with a long-standing communication disorder. The participant, Tom Reed, received an AAC device at the age of 31. Quality of life has been assessed through the use of Roger Smith's OT Fact addressing five main areas of performance.

Year: Traditional, Spring 1999

Chair/Reader: D. Anson

Keyword: Quality of life, case study, AAC

Fall - 1999

Title: Coping strategies that elicit psychological well-being and happiness among elderly nuns with chronic disability.
Authors: Brandthill, S.L., Duczeminski, J. E., Surak, E. A., Erdly, A. M., & Bayer, S. J.

Abstract:This study examined if and how, the adaptive strategies identified by Clark et al. (1996) as being used by well older adults, were used by four disabled nuns living in a continuum of care facility. A naturalistic, phenomenological approach was used. Instrumentation included: a listing of the identified strategies as the starting point for the in-depth interviews, interview transcripts, and a cross-classifying matrix to examine common themes. Spiritual activity, proper positive attitudes, and commitment to service were evident in both this study and the Clark et al. (1996) study. The findings suggest that use of these strategies may provide tools for assisting other older adults with managing stressors in their daily lives. Spirituality potentiated each of the strategies identified by Clark et al. (1996) in a chronically disabled population. Future investigation is necessary to determine how spirituality relates to psychological well-being and happiness across other religious, ethnic and cultural groups.

Year: WEC, Fall 1999

Chair: Margo Holm, Reader: Tom Swartwood

Publication/Presentation: Published as Coping strategies that elicit psychological well-being and happiness among elderly nuns with chronic disability, Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, (2001), 19(2), 87-98.

Title: Occupational therapy referral and intervention patterns for patients with dementia.

Authors: Bright, J., DiNardo, C., Gaffney, M., Harding, H., Keegan, K.

Abstract: Objective: This study identified reasons referrals were made to occupational therapy and intervention strategies preferred by therapists during the mild, moderate, and severe stages of dementia identified in the Senile Dementia of the Alzheimer Type (SDAT) Model.

Method: A mail survey was sent to 500 occupational therapists, who had past or present experience as registered occupational therapists, working with dementia populations. Fifty-three percent were returned.

Results: The primary reasons for referral in each stage are as follows: Stage 1, community skills; Stage 2, dressing skills; and Stage 3, splinting/casting. The intervention strategy used most frequently during all three stages of dementia was caregiver education. Therapists identified the most effective strategies for each stage as follows: Stages 1 and 2, caregiver education; and Stage 3, positioning/seating. Conclusion: The results show that caregiver education is the most important intervention throughout all stages of dementia, however, the effectiveness of this strategy depends on follow-through provided by caregivers. Occupational therapists need to educate formal and informal caregivers on the importance of the education they receive during each stage of the disease and the need for follow-through.

Year: WEC, Fall 1999

Chair: Margo Holm, Reader: Christine Hischmann

Title:Methods and effectiveness of stroke survivor caregiver training.

Authors: Banford, M., Brown, R., Emick, K., Kratz, M., Ranck, J., & Wilkins, R.

Abstract: Objective: This study examined the types of stroke survivor caregiver training that are currently used by registered occupational therapists (OTRs) in a rehabilitation setting and the methods they used to evaluate training effectiveness.

Method: A questionnaire was mailed to a random sample of 500 OTRs who were members of the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) and who had worked with stroke survivors. Two hundred and seven completed surveys were returned.

Results: Demonstration or observation of the therapist was deemed the most effective training method for functional mobility, personal self care, splint, cast or sling application and care, adapting the stroke survivor's environment, cognitive and perceptual restorative techniques, home management, and sensorimotor restorative techniques. Verbal instruction was deemed the most effective method for training caregivers about psychosocial affective techniques. Return demonstration was identified as the most common method to determine effectiveness of the training method, with the exception of utilizing caregiver explanations to measure effectiveness for psychosocial/affective techniques.

Conclusion: On the basis of the data, it was revealed that OTRs use demonstration or observation of the therapist to train stroke survivor caregivers in most areas of daily life tasks. It also suggested that return demonstration is the method most often used to evaluate the effectiveness of the training.

Year: WEC, Fall 1999

Chair: Margo Holm, Reader: Gwen Bartolacci
Publication/Presentation: Banford, M., Kratz, M., Brown, R., Emick, K., Ranck, J., Wilkins, R., and Holm, M. (2001) Stroke Survivor Caregiver Education: Methods and Effectiveness. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics 19(1), 37-52.

Title: Falls among the elderly in long term care facilities: A focused literature review.

Authors: Basante, J., Bentz, E., Heck-Hackley, J., Kenion, B., & Young, D.

Abstract Objective: To identify relevant findings for clinical practitioners in studies that examined the relationship of medications, deconditioning, and physical restraints with falls among long term care facility (LTCF) residents. This literature review consolidates data from 22 studies into an easy to understand format that may be used by occupational therapists and other related health care professionals to identify risk factors in their clinical population. Method: Twenty-two research articles published between 1990 and 1999 were reviewed by random assignment by the research team. A matrix was developed to allow for easy identification of risk factors and study designs.

Results: The studies indicated that use of medications (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants, hypnotics, antihypertensives and vasodilators), deconditioning (e.g., lower extremity weakness, certain gait and balance disorders) and physical restraints (e.g., vests, pelvic restraints, and lap trays) all contributed to an increase in falls among long term care facility residents.

Conclusion: The rate of falls among the elderly residing in long term care facilities is substantially increased by the use of medications, deconditioning, physical restraints or any combination of these factors. Healthcare practitioners need to recognize these risk factors which may lead to further decreases in functional status and quality of life for the geriatric population. Identifying these risk factors may effectively reduce falls and potential injuries.